The hymenoptera include ants, wasps and bees. They, like beetles, moths and flies, have complete metamorphosis. The larvae are limbless, blind and pale maggots. There are two pairs of transparent flying wings with relatively few but clear ribs. The rear wings are always smaller than the front wings. Mouth parts are arranged to either suck or […]
In Denmark, there are a few hundred species of the so-called solitary bees. It is usually small, grayish or dark species. Most look like small versions of the honeybee. They are called solitary bees because they do not live in the colonies. Each female bee builds its own nest, lay eggs and gather food for […]
In most cases, having a bumble bee family in the house poses no problems. They are, as mentioned, peaceful, and they make themselves useful by pollinating crops in the garden. In the rare cases when they are not tolerated, they can be controlled in the same manner as honeybees.
Most bumblebees are so good-natured that people think they cannot sting. This is, however, not the case. Bumblebees have a powerful stinger and venom glands. By virtue of their size, the sting is painful.
In Denmark, there is a dozen species of the usually big, strong and furry bumblebees of the genus Bombus. In contrast to honey bees bumble bee colonies only live one season. In the autumn all the workers and the old queen die. There are some young queens who – after having mated – goes into […]
Honeybees only sting in defense. The sting is barbed and is, along with the venom sac, modified so it stays in the victim. The bee dies afterwards, but the sting can continue to deliver venom. There is about 0.1 mg venom in one bee sting, and in order for the effect of the venom to […]
Almost all honey bees, Apis mellifica, live as livestock in designated hives, however, wild swarms can settle and adapt in cavity walls, chimneys or hollow trees.
There are about 200 different species of solitary bees in northern Europe. Although they may live gregariously, e.g. Colletes daviesanus (see p. 157), they are known as solitary bees because each individual female makes her own nest, lays and tends her eggs and collects her own food. According to the species, solitary bees may construct […]
( Latin: Superfamily Apoidea)
( Latin: Colletes daviesanus) These are solitary bees (p. 180) which do not form true colonies although several may live close together. Like other bees they have a sting, but are not very aggressive. In the wild they live in chalk or clay, but they may also live in mortar if it is not too […]
Solitary bees (p. 180), honey bees and bumblebees (p. 179) can all sting. The sting of a small solitary bee is normally very mild, but a bumblebee sting may be very painful. On the other hand, it is very unusual for bumblebees to sting and in fact they have to be very severely provoked before […]