Lat.: Hirundo rustica
This familiar bird is very dependent upon buildings. It may nest inside a building, for instance, under the roof of a stable where there is continuous access to the outside, or it may build under the eaves.
The nest is in the form of a hemispherical saucer of mud mixed with earth and a little straw. Swallows are territorial, so there is usually a fair distance between the individual nests. They often return to the same nest year after year, and in Britain they usually start to lay eggs in the middle of May.
They feed on insects, mainly flies, gnats, midges, which are caught in the air.