Itch mites in dogs, cats, rabbits and guinea pigs are briefly mentioned in Appendix A. People, who own a dog or a cat, usually discover the problem at a fairly late point. Scabies in dogs and cats must be controlled because the animals suffer from itching and because the mites can cause pseudo-scabies with the people who come into contact with the pets.
Dogs only have one kind of itch mites. British studies have shown that 1% of English dogs suffer from canine scabies (mange). In infected dogs, crusty rashes are found on the edges of ears as well as in the elbow region. You may get an early suspicion of scabies in dogs by if the dog make scratching movements in the air with a hind leg, is a sign of increased irritability where you touched it.
Foxes in the wild are sometimes infected by scabies to such an extent that mites fall off them wherever they go. Therefore, itch mites from infected foxes can infect, for example, dogs. If you use your dog for hunting and to hunt foxes from their burrows, you should treat your dog with a mite-repellent, for example, a pour-on product in the coat before hunting.
There are two kinds of itch mites, which infect cats. One which is similar to the human itch mite, and a smaller, slightly different itch mite. The smallest of the mites, Notoedres cati, is rare in our parts of the world. However, it is seen from time to time. It can infect dogs. Scabies in cats, Feline Scabies (Notoedric Mange) appear as a scaly, crusty rash on the outer parts of the ears, between the ears and in the face where the skin can be heavily thickened.
Each species of itch mites each have their favorite places on the cats. In cows, the tail heads are popular with the itch mites, and in pigs, mites are almost exclusively found on the inside of the ears.
The veterinarian will help diagnose the animal. The mites are detected through a microscope. Samples of the suspicious crust are removed with a scalpel or sharp spoon.
If you have doubts about the treatment, your veterinarian can help you. The pesticides are available at the pharmacy and you can choose to both diagnose and treat the pet yourself. Please be aware that some pesticides can cause illness in young cats, as well as weak cats. Therefore, be sure to read the instructions carefully before applying the pesticide. Pesticides against scabies in animals also work against lice on the same animals.